Since the introduction of high, hard ski boots, the number of ankle injuries in alpine skiing has fallen considerably, although a sprained or twisted ankle still occurs regularly. In most cases, the injury occurs following a landing on the outside of the foot whereby the foot twists too far inwards ; caused in skiing because the tip of the ski becomes caught and is not released in time. On the outside of the foot, capsula, ligaments and nerve fibre can be damaged due to overstretching. On the inside cartilage can be damaged by excessive compression. Depending on the seriousness of the injury, the tissue on the outside is either stretched or torn. This damage causes bleeding in the ankle. As a result, the ankle swells, (after a short time) bruises and becomes painful.
The damaged tissue heals naturally just like a wound on the skin. However, muscle and nerve fibre does not automatically regain its original function. Muscle and nerve fibre must be trained. This is possible with simple balance exercises. In addition, the ankle must be protected to prevent the risk of recurrence. A Push Sports Ankle Brace is an excellent solution. Close-fitting ski boots and correctly adjusted bindings prevent many ankle injuries.
The knee is a joint susceptible to injury. The knee joint can be damaged through twisting. In such a twisting incident (cruciate) ligaments and meniscus tissue can be damaged. Injury to the meniscus can cause swelling and it may no longer be possible to correctly bend and extend the knee. Serious injury to the cruciate ligaments often causes internal bleeding or accumulation of fluid. The knee then feels swollen and warm, is painful and no longer moves well. In the event of a serious twisted knee, cruciate ligaments and the inner meniscus are often both damaged. If injury to the cruciate ligaments is suspected, it is important that the correct diagnosis be made by a sport physician and/or sport physiotherapist.
During and following recovery from a knee injury, it may be worthwhile to protect the knee (during sport) with a Push Sports Knee Brace. Thorough preparation, correctly-adjusted bindings and knowledge of your own limits can reduce the risk of these injuries.